Technique > Food

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Technique for gathering & preparing food:

Maxium time human body can go without food is 3 weeks. Maximum duration without water is 3 days. Do Not eat food when out of water, it will further dehydrate your body.

Rules for Avoiding Illness:
a. Purify all water obtained from natural sources by using iodine tablets, bleach, or boiling for 5 minutes.

b. Locate latrines 200 feet from water and away from shelter.

c.    Wash hands before preparing food or water.

d. Clean all eating utensils after each meal.

Skining Small Game

Venomous Snails

Snare Placement

Locking Loop

Squirrel Snare Pole

Funneling Method to Snare

Animal Handling Sticks

Fishtrap, Spears, & Hooks

Fish Poisoning Plants ANAMIRTA COCCULUS (Figure 8-23). This woody vine grows in southern Asia and on islands of the South Pacific. Crush the bean-shaped seeds and throw them in the water. CROTON TIGLIUM (Figure 8-23). This shrub or small tree grows in waste areas on islands of the South Pacific. It bears seeds in three angled capsules. Crush the seeds and throw them into the water. BARRINGTONIA (Figure 8-23). These large trees grow near the sea in Malaya and parts of Polynesia. They bear a fleshy one-seeded fruit. Crush the seeds and bark and throw into the water. DERRIS ELIPTICA (Figure 8-23). This large genus of tropical shrubs and woody vines is the main source of commercially produced rotenone.

Plant Warning Signs:
Aside from the universal edibility test, there are a few other tips on what kinds of plants you should avoid. These tips may rule out some plants that are edible, but it’s better to do that than to risk getting poisoned.

* Never eat plants with thorns.
* Steer clear of plants with shiny leaves.
* Don’t eat mushrooms. Many are safe to eat, but many are highly toxic and even deadly, so it’s not worth the risk.
* Umbrella-shaped flowers are a bad sign. Stay away from these plants.
* Don’t eat plants with white or yellow berries.
* If the plant’s sap is milky or discolored, leave it alone.
* Avoid beans or plants with seeds inside a pod.
* If it tastes bitter or soapy, spit it out.
* Avoid anything that smells like almonds.
* Same as poison ivy, stay away from plants with leaves in groups of three.

Separate – Because only some parts of the plant may be edible, separate it into its five basic parts. These are the leaves, roots, stems, buds and flowers. There may not be buds or flowers. Check out the parts for worms or insects — you want a clean and fresh plant. Evidence of parasites or worms is a good sign that it’s rotting. If you find them, discard the plant and get another of the same variety or choose a different one.

Contact – First you need to perform a contact test. If it’s not good for your skin, it’s not good for your belly. Crush only one of the plant parts and rub it on the inside of your wrist or elbow for 15 minutes. Now wait for eight hours. If you have a reaction at the point of contact, then you don’t want to continue with this part of the plant. A burning sensation, redness, welts and bumps are all bad signs. While you wait, you can drink water, but don’t eat anything. If there is no topical reaction after eight hours, move along to the next step.

Cook – Some toxic plants become edible after they’re boiled, so get out your apron and start cooking. Your goal is to test it how you would eat it, so if you don’t have any means to boil the plant part, test it raw. Once you’ve boiled it, or if you’re going raw, take the plant part and hold it to your lip for three minutes. If you feel any kind of burning or tingling sensation, remove the piece from your lip and start over with a new part. If there’s no reaction, press on.

– Pop the same part in your mouth and hold it on your tongue for another 15 minutes. If you experience anything unpleasant, spit it out and wash your mouth with water. You’re looking for a similar burning or tingling as you did on your lip. It may not taste great, but that doesn’t mean it’s toxic.

If there’s no adverse reaction in step four, keep follow these last 3 tests

Chew – After you’ve held the piece of plant on your tongue for 15 minutes with no adverse reaction, chew it thoroughly and hold it in your mouth for another 15 minutes. Don’t swallow. Once again, if you feel any kind of burning, tingling or numbness spit it out and rinse with water.
Despite the milky white sap in the stem, all parts of the plentiful dandelion are edible. Boil the leaves or bake and grind the root for yet another coffee substitute.

– If you make it through step five, you’ll have a pretty soggy piece of plant in your mouth. At the end of the 15 minutes, you need to swallow that soggy piece. Now comes more waiting. Don’t eat anything for eight hours. You can drink water, but no more plant or any other kind of food. If you feel nauseous, you need to induce vomiting and drink a lot of water. If you feel fine during the eight-hour waiting period, proceed to the next step.

Chow – Now you get to chow down a little. Gather roughly one quarter cup of the exact same part of the same plant and prepare it in the same way you did in step three. Eat the plant and wait another eight hours. If you feel sick, follow the same steps as above. You can drink water during the waiting period, but as always, refrain from eating anything else.

If you make it through this final waiting period and you feel fine, then congratulations, you just aced the universal edibility test.

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