Technique > Medical

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Best medical techniques for treating medical conditions in the field:

•    Wounds: Apply only pressure dressings to stop bleeding-unless an artery has been cut, as by a blast- hurled piece of glass. If blood is spurting from a wound, apply both a pressure dressing and a windlass-type. tourniquet. Loosen the tourrnquet pressure about every 15 minutes, to allow enough blood to reach the flesh beyond the tourniquet and keep it alive. There is a fair chance that clotting under the pressure dressing will stop blood loss before It becomes fatal.

Infected wounds: Do not change dressings frequently. The formation of white pus shows that white corpuscles are mobilizing to combat the infection. In World War I, wounded soldiers in hospitals suffered agonies having their wounds cleaned and dressed frequently; many died as a result of such harmful care. In contrast, before antibiotics became available late in World War II, casts and dressings on infected wounds sometimes were not changed for weeks. (Actual treatment in China and India resulting from such “benign neglect” of American soldiers’ wounds neglect that helped save limbs and lives.)

•   Pieces of glass deeply embedded in flesh: Do not probe with tweezers or a knife in an attempt to extract them. Most glass will come out when the wounds discharge pus.

•    Burns: Do not apply grease, oil or any other medicine to the burned area. Cover the area securely with a clean. dry dressing or folded cloth. Do not change the dressing frequently. [For most burns, the bandage need not be removed until the tenth to fourteenth day. Give plenty of slightly salted water: about I teaspoon (~.5 grn) of salt per quart (or liter), preferably chilled. in amounts of I to 3 liters daily. “]

•    Broken bones: Apply simple splints to keep the bones from moving. Do not worry about deformities; most can be corrected later by a doctor. Do not attempt traction setting of broken bones.

•    Shock: Keep the victim warm. Place blankets or other    insulation    material    under    him.    Do    not    cover him with so many blankets that he sweats and suffers harmful tluid losses. Give him plenty ofslightly salted water [about a teaspoon of salt in a liter (or quart) of water].

•    Heat prostration: Give adequate fluids. includ- ing slightly salty water.

•    Simple childbirth: Keep hands off. Wait until the mother has given birth. Do not tie and cut the cord unless a potent disinfectant is available. Instead, use the primitive practice of wrapping the cord and the placenta around the infant until they dry. Avoid the risk of infecting the mother by removing the rest of the afterbirth: urge the mother to work to expel it.

•    Toothache: Do not attempt to pull an aching tooth. Decaying teeth will abscess and fall out. This is a painful but seldom fatal process—one which was endured by most of our remote ancestors who reached maturity.

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  1. […] Click Here for Medical Emergency (After you call 911) […]

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